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fast facts about Armenia

GEOGRAPHY

Armenia is a landlocked country, without access to the sea located in South Caucasus, the north-east of the Armenian Plateau, between the Black and Caspian Seas. Modern Armenia term means Republic of Armenia which occupies part of historical Armenia, whose ancient centres were in the valley of the Araks River and the region around Lake Van in Turkey. Armenia is bordered on the north by Georgia, on the east by Azerbaijan, on the southwest by the Nagorno-Karabakh, on the south by Iran, and on the west by Turkey. The territory of Armenia is 29.800 sq.km. The relief is mainly mountainous, with mountain rivers and few forests, extinct volcanoes, deep canyons, high plateaus, formed from lava, crossed by deep ravines. Most of the country has 1800 meters altitude from sea level. The highest point is Mount Aragats 4095 meters, while the lowest is located in Debed valley 400 meters. One of the national symbols of Armenia is Mount Ararat 5165 meters, which is the highest mountain in the region and clearly visible from Armenian side.                                         

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